自定义刷题工具-python实现

发布于:2024-07-11 ⋅ 阅读:(18) ⋅ 点赞:(0)

背景:

最近想要刷题,虽然目前有很多成熟的软件,网站。但是能够支持自定义的导入题库的非常少,或者是要么让你开会员,而直接百度题库的话,正确答案就摆在你一眼能看见的地方,看的时候总觉得自己也会,然后考的时候又啥都不记得了,然后最重要的一点是自定义导入,否则现如今成熟的牛客力扣啥才是最优的选择

自定义题库要素A

这个是百度的时候发现的
1 题号
2 问题题干
3 类型(单选,多选,文本)
4 选项(单选多选的选项,实际上判断题也可以归为2个选项的单选题)

5 参考答案

6 答案详解,开发完成后加入的,感觉光是答案不太好

7 上次答案记录。后续加入的,你连上次做的对的错的都不知道的话,刷题的意义性何在?

8 标签:也是后续加上的,本来是打算数据多了做一个条件查询的,但是发现python的查询太丑了,可能是我打开方式不对,因此我想了一个办法就是把问题标签化,你可以通过标签来做筛选,因此你可以只看某部分标签内的题

代码:

代码结构如下:注意python的名称好像不太重要可以随意改
 

ExerciseDemo1.py
questions.json
QuestionsJsonGenerator.py
题库文件夹 里面可以放你自己的各种文档,当然你可以放在一个xlsx文件里面也行,但是数据多了好不好用我就不负责了

ExerciseDemo1.py
 

import json
import tkinter as tk
from tkinter import ttk

# 从JSON文件中加载题目
with open('questions.json', 'r', encoding='utf-8') as file:
    data = json.load(file)

questions = data['questions']

# 获取所有标签并生成唯一标签列表
tags_set = set()
for question in questions:
    tags_set.update(question['tags'])
tags_list = list(tags_set)

# 创建主窗口
root = tk.Tk()
root.title("刷题软件")
root.geometry('1200x800')

current_question_index = 0

# 切换题目
def load_question(index):
    global current_question_index
    current_question_index = index
    question_data = questions[current_question_index]
    question_label.config(text=f"{question_data['id']}. {question_data['question']}")

    # 清空当前答案框架
    for widget in answer_frame.winfo_children():
        widget.destroy()

    global answer_var
    answer_var = None
    if question_data["type"] == "single":
        answer_var = tk.StringVar()
        for key, value in question_data["options"].items():
            rb = tk.Radiobutton(answer_frame, text=value, variable=answer_var, value=key)
            rb.pack(anchor='w')
    elif question_data["type"] == "multiple":
        answer_var = {}
        for key, value in question_data["options"].items():
            var = tk.BooleanVar()
            answer_var[key] = var
            cb = tk.Checkbutton(answer_frame, text=value, variable=var)
            cb.pack(anchor='w')
    elif question_data["type"] == "text":
        answer_var = tk.Text(answer_frame, height=5, wrap="word")
        answer_var.pack(fill='both', expand=True)

    # 清空答案显示区域并滚动至顶部
    answer_display.delete("1.0", tk.END)
    answer_display.yview_moveto(0)

# 显示答案
def show_answer():
    question = questions[current_question_index]
    answer = question['answer']
    explanation = question['explanation']
    last_answer = question.get('lastAnswer', None)

    answer_display.delete('1.0', tk.END)
    if last_answer:
        answer_display.insert(tk.END, f"答案:\n{answer}\n\n你的上次答案:\n{last_answer}\n\n解释:\n{explanation}")
    else:
        answer_display.insert(tk.END, f"答案:\n{answer}\n\n解释:\n{explanation}")
    answer_display.yview_moveto(0)

# 隐藏答案
def hide_answer():
    answer_display.delete('1.0', tk.END)

# 保存答案
def save_answer():
    question = questions[current_question_index]
    if question["type"] == "single":
        question['lastAnswer'] = answer_var.get()
    elif question["type"] == "multiple":
        question['lastAnswer'] = [key for key, var in answer_var.items() if var.get()]
    elif question["type"] == "text":
        question['lastAnswer'] = answer_var.get("1.0", tk.END).strip()

    with open('questions.json', 'w', encoding='utf-8') as file:
        json.dump({'questions': questions}, file, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)

# 更新标题下拉列表
def update_question_selector(tag=None):
    if tag:
        filtered_titles = [f"{q['id']}. {q['question']}" for q in questions if tag in q['tags']]
    else:
        filtered_titles = [f"{q['id']}. {q['question']}" for q in questions]
    question_selector['values'] = filtered_titles
    if filtered_titles:
        question_selector.current(0)
        load_question(0)


# 清除标签选择
def clear_tag_selection():
    tag_selector.set('')
    update_question_selector()

# 标签下拉列表选项
tag_frame = tk.Frame(root)
tag_frame.pack(pady=10, anchor='w')

tag_selector = ttk.Combobox(tag_frame, values=tags_list, width=50, state='readonly')
tag_selector.grid(row=0, column=0, padx=5)
tag_selector.bind("<<ComboboxSelected>>", lambda event: update_question_selector(tag_selector.get()))

clear_tag_button = tk.Button(tag_frame, text="清除标签选择", command=clear_tag_selection)
clear_tag_button.grid(row=0, column=1, padx=5)

# 标题下拉列表选项
question_titles = [f"{q['id']}. {q['question']}" for q in questions]
question_selector = ttk.Combobox(root, values=question_titles, width=100, state='readonly')
question_selector.current(0)
question_selector.pack(pady=10, anchor='w', fill=tk.X)
question_selector.bind("<<ComboboxSelected>>", lambda event: load_question(question_selector.current()))

# 功能按钮
button_frame = tk.Frame(root)
button_frame.pack(pady=10, anchor='w')

previous_button = tk.Button(button_frame, text="上一题", command=lambda: load_question((current_question_index - 1) % len(questions)))
previous_button.grid(row=0, column=0, padx=5)

next_button = tk.Button(button_frame, text="下一题", command=lambda: load_question((current_question_index + 1) % len(questions)))
next_button.grid(row=0, column=1, padx=5)

# 题干
question_label = tk.Label(root, text="", wraplength=600, justify="left")
question_label.pack(pady=10, anchor='w')

# 答案框架
answer_frame = tk.Frame(root)
answer_frame.pack(pady=10, fill='both', expand=True, anchor='w')

# 显示答案和隐藏答案按钮框架
show_hide_button_frame = tk.Frame(root)
show_hide_button_frame.pack(pady=5, anchor='w')

save_answer_button = tk.Button(show_hide_button_frame, text="保存答案", command=save_answer)
save_answer_button.grid(row=0, column=0, padx=5)

show_answer_button = tk.Button(show_hide_button_frame, text="显示答案", command=show_answer)
show_answer_button.grid(row=0, column=1, padx=5)

hide_answer_button = tk.Button(show_hide_button_frame, text="隐藏答案", command=hide_answer)
hide_answer_button.grid(row=0, column=2, padx=5)

# 显示答案区域框架
answer_display_frame = tk.Frame(root)
answer_display_frame.pack(pady=10, fill='both', expand=True)

answer_display_scroll = tk.Scrollbar(answer_display_frame)
answer_display_scroll.pack(side=tk.RIGHT, fill=tk.Y)

answer_display = tk.Text(answer_display_frame, height=4, yscrollcommand=answer_display_scroll.set)
answer_display.pack(fill='both', expand=True)

answer_display_scroll.config(command=answer_display.yview)

# 初始化加载第一题
load_question(0)

# 运行主循环
root.mainloop()

questions.json

这个就不举例了,实际上是通过xlsx文件执行QuestionsJsonGenerator自动生成的。



QuestionsJsonGenerator.py
 

import json
import openpyxl
import os
import re

class QuestionsJsonGenerator:
    def __init__(self, excel_file, json_file):
        self.excel_file = excel_file
        self.json_file = json_file
        self.questions = []

    def read_excel(self):
        workbook = openpyxl.load_workbook(self.excel_file)
        sheet = workbook.active
        rows = list(sheet.iter_rows(values_only=True))
        headers = rows[0]

        for row in rows[1:]:
            question_data = {}
            for header, value in zip(headers, row):
                if header == "标签":
                    question_data['tags'] = [tag for tag in re.split(r'[,,]', value) if tag.strip()]
                elif header == "类型":
                    question_data['type'] = value
                elif header == "问题":
                    question_data['question'] = value
                elif header == "答案":
                    if question_data['type'] == "multiple":
                        question_data['answer'] = re.split(r'[,,]', value)
                    else:
                        question_data['answer'] = value
                elif header == "答案解释":
                    question_data['explanation'] = value if value else ""
                elif header == "选项":
                    # 使用不同的分隔符对选项进行分割
                    raw_options = re.split(r'[;\n:;]+', value)
                    # 去除空白项
                    options = [opt.strip() for opt in raw_options if opt.strip()]
                    question_data['options'] = {}
                    for opt in options:
                        # 允许使用 : 或 . 作为键值分隔符
                        key_value = re.split(r'[:.]', opt)
                        if len(key_value) == 2:
                            key = key_value[0].strip()
                            val = key_value[1].strip()
                            question_data['options'][key] = val
            # 只有在处理完一行所有数据后才添加到 questions 列表中
            self.questions.append(question_data)

        # Add IDs to each question
        for i, question in enumerate(self.questions):
            question['id'] = i + 1

    def write_json(self):
        if os.path.exists(self.json_file):
            with open(self.json_file, 'r', encoding='utf-8') as file:
                data = json.load(file)
        else:
            data = {'questions': []}

        data['questions'] = self.questions

        with open(self.json_file, 'w', encoding='utf-8') as file:
            json.dump(data, file, indent=2, ensure_ascii=False)

    def generate_json(self):
        self.read_excel()
        self.write_json()

# 使用示例
excel_file = '题库/牛客-java.xlsx'  # 替换为你的Excel文件路径
json_file = 'questions.json'  # 替换为你的JSON文件路径

generator = QuestionsJsonGenerator(excel_file, json_file)
generator.generate_json()


导入模板,数据准备演示

图例:

说明:

看图,自己最好设置一个模板,还有觉得我的这种切分不够你使用习惯的自己去改代码就行,下面说明在哪改吧

标签切分

if header == "标签":
    question_data['tags'] = [tag for tag in re.split(r'[,,]', value) if tag.strip()]

答案切分

elif header == "答案":
    if question_data['type'] == "multiple":
        question_data['answer'] = re.split(r'[,,]', value)
    else:
        question_data['answer'] = value

选项切分

elif header == "选项":
    # 使用不同的分隔符对选项进行分割
    raw_options = re.split(r'[;\n:;]+', value)
    # 去除空白项
    options = [opt.strip() for opt in raw_options if opt.strip()]
    question_data['options'] = {}
    for opt in options:
        # 允许使用 : 或 . 作为键值分隔符
        key_value = re.split(r'[:.]', opt)
        if len(key_value) == 2:
            key = key_value[0].strip()
            val = key_value[1].strip()
            question_data['options'][key] = val

执行QuestionsJsonGenerator.py

执行成功后检查一个json有没有问题,这里用我这里生成的截图做参考

主窗口程序演示

运行ExerciseDemo1.py